the caribbean is an american region region SE of the gulf of mexico and the us mainland or east of central america. It consists of more than 700 islands, reefs and cays in the Caribbean Sea.

The region lies largely on the Caribbean Plate and has more than 700 islands, islets, reefs and cays.

West India

Island arcs along the eastern and northern edges of the Caribbean Sea are:
The Greater Antilles
Lucayan Archipelago
Lesser Antilles

Lucayan Archipelago
– Bahamas
– Turks and Caicos Islands
these do not border the caribbean sea

Mainland (included for their political and cultural ties to the region)
the Caribbean of Colombia,
the Yucatan Peninsula,
the island of Margarita
the Guyanas (Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, the Guayana region in Venezuela and Amapá in Brazil)

Geopolitically, the islands of the Caribbean (West Indies) are often considered a region of North America, although they are sometimes incorporated into Central America or left as a region of their own. They are organized into 30 territories including sovereign states, overseas departments and dependencies. Even if they are no longer dependent, the West Indies cricket team will continue to represent many of those countries.

Flag Country or territory Sovereignty Status Area(km2)Population(2021 est.) Density (people per km2) Capital
Anguilla Anguilla United Kingdom British overseas territory 91 15,753 164.8 The Valley
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda Independent Constitutional monarchy 442 93,219 199.1 St. John’s
Aruba Aruba Kingdom of the Netherlands Constituent kingdom 180 106,537 594.4 Oranjestad
The Bahamas The Bahamas[27] Independent Constitutional monarchy 13,943 407,906 24.5 Nassau
Barbados Barbados Independent Republic 430 287,025 595.3 Bridgetown
Bonaire Bonaire Kingdom of the Netherlands Special Municipality 294 12,093[28] 41.1 Kralendijk
British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands United Kingdom British overseas territory 151 31,122 152.3 Road Town
Cayman Islands Cayman Islands United Kingdom British overseas territory 264 68,136 212.1 George Town
Cuba Cuba Independent Republic 109,886 11,256,372 102.0 Havana
Curaçao Curaçao Kingdom of the Netherlands Constituent kingdom 444 190,338 317.1 Willemstad
Dominica Dominica Independent Republic 751 72,412 89.2 Roseau
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic Independent Republic 48,671 11,117,873 207.3 Santo Domingo
Federal Dependencies of Venezuela Federal Dependencies of Venezuela Venezuela Territories 342 2,155 6.3 Gran Roque
Grenada Grenada Independent Constitutional monarchy 344 124,610 302.3 St. George’s
Guadeloupe Guadeloupe France Overseas department and region of France 1,628 396,051 246.7 Basse-Terre
Haiti Haiti Independent Republic 27,750 11,447,569 361.5 Port-au-Prince
Jamaica Jamaica Independent Constitutional monarchy 10,991 2,827,695 247.4 Kingston
Martinique Martinique France Overseas department 1,128 368,796 352.6 Fort-de-France
Montserrat Montserrat United Kingdom British overseas territory 102 4,417 58.8 Plymouth (Brades)[29] Navassa Island United States/Haiti Territory (uninhabited) 5 0 0.0 n/a
Nueva Esparta Nueva Esparta Venezuela State 1,151 491,610 La Asunción
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico United States Commonwealth 8,870 3,256,028 448.9 San Juan
Saba (island) Saba Kingdom of the Netherlands Special municipality 13 1,537[28] 118.2 The Bottom
Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina San Andrés and Providencia Colombia Department 52.5 75,167 1431 San Andrés
Saint Barthélemy Saint Barthélemy France Overseas collectivity 21 7,448 354.7 Gustavia
Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis Independent Constitutional monarchy 261 47,606 199.2 Basseterre
Saint Lucia Saint Lucia Independent Constitutional monarchy 539 179,651 319.1 Castries
Collectivity of Saint Martin Saint Martin France Overseas collectivity 54 29,820 552.2 Marigot
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Independent Constitutional monarchy 389 104,332 280.2 Kingstown
Sint Eustatius Sint Eustatius Kingdom of the Netherlands Special municipality 21 2,739[28] 130.4 Oranjestad
Sint Maarten Sint Maarten Kingdom of the Netherlands Constituent kingdom 34 44,042 1176.7 Philipsburg
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Independent Republic 5,130 1,525,663 261.0 Port of Spain
Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands[30] United Kingdom British overseas territory 948 45,114 34.8 Cockburn Town
United States Virgin Islands United States Virgin Islands United States Territory 347 100,091 317.0 Charlotte Amalie


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